Agriculture is the backbone of the Zimbabwean economy. It provides livelihoods to 80% of the population and accounts for 23% of formal employment. The sector contributes 14 - 18.5% to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and approximately 33% of foreign earnings. The future of Zimbabwe therefore lies in the development of a diversified, vibrant, competitive and efficient agricultural sector.

The Ministry of Agriculture, Mechanization and Irrigation Development is responsible for food security and the coordination of agricultural activities.